La Virgen de Guadalupe
Cabo San Lucas, Los Cabos, Baja California Sur, México
The Virgen de Guadalupe is a powerful symbol of Mexican identity both in the Country of Mexico and the United States of America. On the date of Saturday, December 12th, 1531, it is believed the Virgin Mary appeared on the slopes of the hill of Tepeyac, in northern Mexico City. According to Mexican oral tradition, as described in historical documents of the Vatican, the Virgin Mary, appeared four times before the Indigenous dark-skinned native, Juan Diego Cuauhtlatoatzin, and on a fifth occasion with Juan Bernardino, uncle of Juan Diego, whom she cured of an illness.
The Virgin ordered Juan Diego to appear before the first bishop of Mexico, Juan de Zumárraga, and from that command Juan Diego, took within his ayate (cloak) some flowers that he cut from the garden in Tepeyac. When Juan Diego opened his cloak (ayate) before Bishop Juan de Zumárraga, the flowers revealed an image of the Virgin Mary, dark and with mestizo features.
The new Basilica at the Vatican in Rome, houses the original tilma (or cloak) of Juan Diego, which holds the image of Our La Virgen def Guadalupe. One of the most important pilgrimage sites of Catholicism, the basilica at the Vatican is visited by several million people every year, especially around December, 12, during the festive time celebrating her appearance 487 years ago.
History tell s us, 17th Century Catholic priest Luis Becerra Tanco, reported being at a party December 12, 1666, exactly 17 years after her appearance and hearing some Nahuatl-speaking natives artistically dancing the scene of how ”La Virgen” appeared to Juan Diego Cuauhtlatoatzin, and how she had cured his uncle and how her image was upon the tilma (cloak) of Diego.
“I always wondered why my parents were so loyal to Our Lady. Now I know. She’s mother to us all,” said Cabo San Lucas annual visitor, Clara Poblete Rodriguez. San Jose State University alumni and film director, Luis Valdez, (La Bamba, Zoot Suit) has showcased his glorious and magical, “La Virgen de Tepeyac” theatrical production every November 27 until December 17 in San Juan Bautista, CA for the past 47 years.